Red or White? The big difference.
How often when choosing wine, we hear someone say “I just drink red”, or “White makes my head hurt,” or “Pink is for women.” These phrases are just a few examples of the relationship of many consumers with wine. And who would be encouraged to disqualify them? If above all, each one owns what they like most.
Diversity is what fascinates me about the world of wine. It is so subjective that the first thing that comes to me is respect for the choice of the other, whether wine knows or not. Ultimately, all you have to do is ask: Who pays? I like it or do not like it? So far so good, now in my experience as a wine educator I have also been able to prove that the more we know about wine, the easier it is to detect which style we like best, which labels fall into that style, and I even encourage myself to say that many They change their tastes and preferences as they advance in knowledge.
Anabella ALcuaz In this note I will point out general concepts, since in the world of wine almost everything has an exception.
For those who “only drink red”
Apart from the obvious difference in color, in general red wines have a larger structure than white wines, and less acidity. This is due to the presence of a very important component, which marks the great difference between reds and whites: tannins. Many will wonder if they ever met them. I pass a very simple test to detect them. Make a black tea well loaded, and better if you taste it when it cools. There you will feel a rough texture on the tongue and gums, and a bitterness when you swallow it (or spit it out!). Here are the famous tannins, which also appear in red wines. If they are ripe, they add texture, structure, longevity. If they are green, it will appear in the wine that rough texture and bitterness.
In general terms, red wines tend to have a lower acid level than white wines, and this is sometimes also a factor of difference.
There are many palates that are sensitive to acids, and prefer to eat foods and drinks more friendly.
To those who do like white wine
Dry white wines can be of different styles. Those that are made with varieties of relatively neutral grapes, like the Chardonnay. A dry white wine based on Chardonnay can be neutral, easy to drink, fruity and medium bodied, but it can also be made with aging in oak barrels. This wine will have the notes that gives you its passage through wood, such as vanilla and cinnamon, which make it more complex and larger body.
On the other side of the spectrum are the white wines made with aromatic grape varieties, such as Torrontés and Sauvignon Blanc. These wines have a great presence of aromas in the nose, which can vary between floral, citrus, herbaceous, and tropical fruits.
In general the varieties destined to white wines are harvested before the inks, with less degree of maturity and consequently the wines have greater level of acidity. As these wines do not have tannins that protect them from oxidation, they tend to be more fragile. They are protected by adding a layer of sulfur dioxide in the bottling line. While this antiseptic and antioxidant is added to both whites and reds, the amounts are higher in white wines. Some people are allergic to sulphurous, and that could explain the discomfort that white wine causes them.